• M.L. Rodríguez-Marín
  • L.A. Bello-Pérez
  • H. Yee-Madeira
  • R.A. González-Soto
Keywords: nanocomposites, mechanicals properties, water vapor permeability, response surface


Banana and rice flour films were prepared using casting method, and rotatable central composite design was used to optimize their mechanical and barrier properties. Different concentrations of glycerol and nanoclay (Sodium montmorillonite) were evaluated using response surface analysis, determining that glycerol is the factor that has influence on the mechanical and barrier properties of the films. However, when there is a combination of high montmorillonite with low glycerol concentration, the properties were improved, resulting rigid films with better properties. These characteristics are important for food packaging due to that these films can maintain the integrity of food products.


Alvaro-Gonález, J.S., Chanona-Pérez, J.J., Welti- Chanes, J.S., Calderón-Dominguez, G., Arzate-Vázquez, L., Pacheco-Alcalá, S.U., Garibay-Febles, V., Gutiérrez-L´opez, G.F. (2012).Optical, microstuctural, functional and nanomechanical properties of aloe vera gel/ gellan gum edible films. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 11, 193-210.

Aouada, F.A.,Mattoso, L.H.C.,Longo, E. (2011). New strategies in the preparation of exfoliated thermoplastic starchmontmorillonitenanocomposites. Industrial

ASTM (1987). Standard methods for water vapor transmission of materials (E96-80). Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Philadelphia, PA: American Society for Testing and Materials. Benderly, D., Osorio, F., IJdo, L.W. (2008). PVC nanocomposites-nanoclay chemistry and performance. Journal of vinyl and additive technology 14, 155-162.

Chen, B., Evans, J.R.G. (2005). Thermoplastic starch-clay nanocomposites and their characteristics. Carbohydrate Polymers 61, 455-463.

Chiou, B-S., Wood, D., Yee, E., Imam, H. S., Glenn, M.G., Orts, W.J. (2007). Extruded starch-nanoclay nanocomposites: Eects of glycerol and nanoclay concentration. Polymer Engineering and Science 47, 1898-1904.

Chivrac, F., Pollet, E.,Dole, P., Avérous, L. (2010). Starch.basednano-biocomposites: Plastizacizer impact on the montmorillonite exfoliation process. Carbohydrate Polymers 79, 941-947.

Colla, E., Sobral, P.J.D.A., Menegalli, F.C. (2006). Amaranthuscruentus flour edible films: influence of stearic acid addition, plasticizer concentration, and emulsion stirring speed on water vapor permeability and mechanical properties. Journal of agricultural and Food Chemistry 54, 6645-6653.

Dias, A.B., Müller, C.M.O., Larotonda, D.S.F.,Laurindo, J.B. (2010). Biodegradables films based on rice and rice flour. Journal of Cereal Science 51, 213-219.

Dias, A.B., Müller, C.M.O., Larotonda, F.D.S., Laurindo, J.B. (2010). Mechanical and barrier properties of composites films based on rice flour and cellulose fibers. LTW Food Science and Technology 44, 535-542.

Dias-Alves, V., Mali., S., Belia, A., Grossmann, M.V.E. (2007). Effect of glycerol and amylose enrichment on cassava starch film properties. Journal of Food Engineering 78, 941-946.

Figueroa-Preciado, G. (2003). Optimización de una superficie de respuesta utilizando JMP IN.Memoria, semana XVII/XIII de investigación y docencia en matemáticas, Universidad de sonora, Hermosillo.

Gontard, N., Guilbert, S., Cuq, J-L. (1992). Edible wheat gluten films: Influence of the main process variables on film properties using response surface methodology. Journal of Food Science 57, 190-199.

Guerra-Della Valle, D., Bello-Pérez, L.A., González- Soto, R.A., Solorza-Feria, J. y Arámbula- Villa,G. (2008). Effect of reaction time on the acetylation of plantain starch. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 7, 283-291.

Gianellis, P. (1996). Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites. Advanced Materials 8, 29-35

Huang, M., Yu, J., Ma, X. (2006).High mechanical performance MMT-urea and formamide-plasticized thermoplastic cornstarch biodegradable nanocomposites. Carbohydrate Polymers 63, 693-399.

Kamperapappun, P.,Aht-ong, D.,Pentrakoon, D., Srikulkit, K.(2007). Preparation of cassava starch/montmorillonite composite film. Carbohydrate Polymers 67, 155-163.

Majdzadeh-Ardakani, K., Navarchian, A.H., Sadeghi, F. (2009). Optimization of mechanical properties of thermoplastic starch/clay nanocomposites. Carbohydrate Polymers 79, 547-554.

Mali, S., Grossmann, M. V. E., García, M. A., Martino, M. N. and Zaritzky, N. E. 2004. Barrier, mechanical and optical of plasticized yam starch films. Carbohydrates Polymers 56, 129-135.

Mali, S., Grossmann, M.V.E., Garcia, M.A., Martino, M.N., Zaritzky, N. (2002).Microstructural characterization of yam starch films. Carbohydrate Polymers 50, 379-386.

Mali, S., Grossmann, Sakanaka, F. Ysamashita, Grossmann, M.V.E. 2005. Water sorption and mechanical properties cassava starch films and their relation to plasticizing effect. Carbohydrate Polymers 60, 283-289.

Mariniello, L., Di Pierro, P., Esposito, C., Sorrentino, A., Masi, P., Porta, R. (2003). Preparation and mechanical properties of edibles soy flour films obtained in the absence of transglutaminase. Journal of Biotechnology 102, 191-198.

Núñez-Santiago, M.C., García-Suarez, F. J.,Gutierrez-Meraz, F., Sanchez-Rivera, M. M., Bello-Pérez, L. A., (2011). Some intrinsic and extrinsic factors of acetilated starches: morphological, physicochemical and structural. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 10, 501-512.

Mondragon, M., Mancilla, J. E.,Rodríguez-González, J. (2008). Nanocomposites from plasticized high-amilopectin, normal and highamilose maize starches. Polymer Engineering and Science 48, 1262-1267.

Pelissari, F. M., Sobral, P. J., A., Menegalli, F. C. (2012). Comparative study on the properties of flour and starch films of plantain bananas. Food Hidrocolloids 30, 681-690.

Rivas-González, M., Zamudio-Flores, P.B. y Bello-Pérez, L.A. (2009). Efecto del grado de acetilación en las características morfológicas y fisicoquímicas del almidón de plátano. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 8, 291-298.

Romero-Bastida, C. A., Zamudio-Flores, P.B., Bello-Pérez, L. A., (2011). Antimicrobianos en películas de almidón oxidado de plátano: efecto sobre la actividad antibacteriana, microestructura, propiedades mecánicas y de barrera. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 10, 445-453.

Sothornvit, R.,Pitak, N. (2007). Oxygen permeability and mechanical properties of banana films. Food Research International 40, 365-370.

Tang, S., Zou, P., Xiong, H., Tang, H., (2008). Effect of nano-SiO2 on the performance of starch/polyvinyl alcohol blend films. Carbohydrate polymers 72, 521-526.

Tapía-Blacido, D., Sobral, P.J., Menegalli, F.C. (2005). Development and characterization of biofilms based on amaranth flour (amaranthuscaudatus). Journal of Food Engineering 67, 215-223.

Wilhelma, H.M., Sierakowskia, M.R., Souza, G.P. Wypych, F. (2003). Starch films reinforced with mineral clay. Carbohydrate Polymers 52, 101- 110.
How to Cite
Rodríguez-Marín, M., Bello-Pérez, L., Yee-Madeira, H., & González-Soto, R. (2020). MECHANICAL AND BARRIER PROPERTIES OF FILM ELABORATED WITH RICE AND BANANA FLOUR REINFORCED WITH NANOPARTICLES: STUDY WITH RESPONSE SURFACE. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 12(1), 165-176. Retrieved from

Most read articles by the same author(s)