Increase in the mortality of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae due to the application of an electric field during conidiation

Keywords: Electric field, Solid-state culture, Entomopathogen fungus, Mortality


The effects of an electric field on conidia production by Metarhizium anisopliae in solid state culture were determined. A 450-mL electrochemical cell (EC) with titanium ruthenium-oxide coated electrodes and packed with a mixture of rice:corn stubble, was inoculated with 1x106 conidia (g of initial dry support)-1 and incubated for 8 days (30ºC). Four days after starting the culture, a current density of 0.09 mA/cm2 was applied for 24 h. The moisture kept constant (75%), with and without electric field. With electric field, conidiation (4.9x108 ± 3.7x107 conidia (g of initial dry support)-1) did not show significant differences, but their viability and germination (67 and 45%, respectively) were lower than in the non-perturbated conidia. Total mortality of Tenebrio molitor larvae provoked by conidia produced in presence of the electric field was 40% higher compared to that provoked by the conidia control. The study showed that the application of electric field improving the conidial infectivity. This new approach is susceptible to be optimized to other fungi for biological control with the purpose of improving field performance and further investigations on the modification of cellular mechanisms by the electric field stimuli.

Author Biography

M. Gutiérrez-Rojas

Mariano Gutiérrez-Rojas, PhD He was born in Mexico City (1951). Chemical Engineer (1973); Bioengineer (1983) and Chemical Engineering Doctor (1995). Since 1983 is a Full Research Professor at the Autonomous Metropolitan University (México City, MEXICO). Formerly, was dealing with solid substrates bioprocess including filamentous fungi cultures on inert supports. His work has been lately oriented to the Environmental Biotechnology and Bioengineering field, in general, and to the contaminated soil phytoremediation and bioremediation in particular. Themass and heat transfer in biochemical and electrochemical reactors is the matter of his expertise.


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How to Cite
Rodriguez-Gomez, D., Garate-Velez, L., Morales-Piña, A., Gutiérrez-Rojas, M., & Velasco-Alvarez, N. (2020). Increase in the mortality of the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae due to the application of an electric field during conidiation. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 19(Sup. 1), 123-133.