• A. Villabona-Ortíz
  • C. N. Tejada-Tovar
  • R. Ortega-Toro
Keywords: biomass, chromium, plantain peel, oil cane bagasse, remotion.


The presence of heavy metals in bodies of water is an environmental problem, due to its toxicity and bioaccumulation in ecosystems. The adsorption kinetics of Cr (VI) was studied in a batch system using plantain peels and oil palm bagasse, evaluating the effect of temperature and amount of adsorbent on the process. The bioadsorbents were placed in contact with the solution of Cr (VI) at pH 2 and 100 ppm, taking samples at different times until equilibrium. The kinetics were adjusted to the pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and Elovich models. It was established that: the increase in temperature favours the process for the plantain peel and decreases the capacity of adsorption for oil palm bagasse; and that a decrease in the amount of adsorbent favours the kinetics for both biomasses studied. The Elovich model describes the behaviour for the plantain peel, while the pseudo-first and pseudo-second-order models do it for the oil palm bagasse when the temperature varies. The Elovich model better approximates the kinetic data by varying the adsorbent dose of both biomasses, suggesting that the process of adsorption of Cr (VI) was controlled by chemisorption.


Abdolali, A., Ngo, H. H., Guo, W., Lu, S., Chen, S. S., Nguyen, N. C., Zhang, X., Wang, J., & Wu, Y. (2016). A breakthrough biosorbent in removing heavy metals: Equilibrium, kinetic, thermodynamic and mechanism analyses in a lab-scale study. Science of the Total Environment, 542, 603-611.

Ben-Ali, S., Jaouali, I., Souissi-Najar, S. & Ouederni, A. (2017). Characterization and adsorption capacity of raw pomegranate peel biosorbent for copper removal. Journal of Cleaner Production 142, 3809-3821.

Bhatnagar, A., Sillanpää, M. & Witek-Krowiak, A. (2015). Agricultural waste peels as versatile biomass for water purification – A review. Chemical Engineering Journal 270, 244-271.

Denardin, A., Carissimi, E., Dotto, G., Sander, H. & Amaral, L. (2018). Biosorption of rhodamine B dye from dyeing stones effluents using the green microalgae Chlorella pyrenoidosa. Journal of Cleaner Production 198, 1302-1310.

Guerrero, I., Morales, L. & Cristiani, E. (2015). Kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic studies of amaranth dye biosorption from aqueous solution onto water hyacinth leaves. Journal of Environmental Management 152, 99-108.

Heraldy, E., Lestari, W., Permatasari, D. & Arimurti, D. (2018). Biosorbent from tomato waste and apple juice residue for lead removal. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering 6 (1), 1201-1208.

Interiano-López, M.L., Ramírez-Coutiño, V.A., Godinez-Tovar, L.A., Zamudio-Pérez, E. & Rodríguez-Valadez, F.J. (2019). Bioremediation methods assisted with humic acid for the treatment of oil-contaminated drill cuttings. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 18(3), 929-937.

Kim, Y. & Kim, J. (2019). Isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies on the adsorption of paclitaxel onto Sylopute. The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics 130, 104-113.

Largitte, L., & Pasquier, R. (2016). A review of the kinetics adsorption models and their application to the adsorption of lead by an activated carbon. Chemical Engineering Research and Design, 109, 495-504.

Mahindrakar, K. & Rathod, V. (2018). Utilization of plantain peels for removal of strontium (II) from wáter. Environmental Technology & Innovation 11, 371-383.

Marichelvam, M. & Azhagurajan, A. (2018). Removal of mercury from effluent solution by using plantain corm and neem leaves activated charcoal. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management 10, 360-365.

Marimón, W., Tejeda, L. & Herrera, A. (2018). Removal of mercury (II) from water using magnetic nanoparticles coated with amino organic ligands and yam peel biomass. Environmental Nanotechnology, Monitoring & Management 10, 486-493.

Memon, J., Memon, S., Bhanger, M., El-Turki, A., Hallam, K. & Allen, G. (2009). Plantain peel: A green and economical sorbent for the selective removal of Cr(VI) from industrial wastewater. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces 70, 232-237.

Moyo, M., Guyo, U., Mawenyiyo, G., Zinyama, N. & Nyamunda, B. (2015). Marula seed husk (Sclerocarya birrea) biomass as a low cost biosorbent for removal of Pb(II) and Cu(II) from aqueous solution. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 27, 126-132.

Neolaka, Y., Supriyanto, G., Darmokoesoemo, H. & Kusuma, H. (2018). Characterization, kinetic, and isotherm data for Cr(VI) removal from aqueous solution by Cr(VI)-imprinted poly(4-VP-co-MMA) supported on activated Indonesia (Ende-Flores) natural zeolite structure. Data in Brief 17, 969-979.

Pandiarajan, A., Kamaraj, R., Vasudevan, S. & Vasudevan, S. (2018). OPAC (orange peel activated carbon) derived from waste orange peel for the adsorption of chlorophenoxyacetic acid herbicides from water: Adsorption isotherm, kinetic modelling and thermodynamic studies. Bioresource Technology 261, 329-341.

Paredes-Carrera, S.P., Valencia-Martínez, R.F., Valenzuela-Zapata, M.A., Sanchez-Ochoa, J.C. & Castro-Sotelo, L.V. (2015). Study of hexavalent chromium sorption by hydrotalcites synthesized using ultrasound vs microwawe irradiation. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 14(2), 429-436.

Ramrakhiani, L., Ghosh, S., Sarkar, S., & Majumdar, S. (2016). Heavy metal biosorption in multi component system on dried activated sludge: Investigation of adsorption mechanism by surface characterization. Materials Today: Proceedings, 3(10), 3538-3552.

Rangabhashiyam, S. & Balasubramanian, P. (2018). Characteristics, performances, equilibrium and kinetic modeling aspects of heavy metal removal using algae. Bioresource Technology Reports 5, 261-279.

Rangabhashiyam, S., Sujata, L. & Balasubramanian, P. (2018). Biosorption characteristics of methylene blue and malachite green from simulated wastewater onto Carica papaya wood biosorbent. Surfaces and Interfaces 10, 197-215.

Shah, J., Jan, R., Haq, A. & Zeeshan, M. (2015). Equilibrium, kinetic and thermodynamic studies for sorption of Ni (II) from aqueous solution using formaldehyde treated waste tea leaves. Journal of Saudi Chemical Society 19, 301-310.

Simonin, J. P. (2016). On the comparison of pseudo-first order and pseudo-second order rate laws in the modeling of adsorption kinetics. Chemical Engineering Journal, 300, 254-263.

Suárez-Vázquez, S.I., Vidales-Contreras, J.A., Márquez-Reyes, J.M., Cruz-López, A. & García-Gómez, C. (2019). Removal of congo red dye using electrocoagulated metal hydroxide in a fixed-bed column: characterization, optimization and modeling studies. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 18(3), 1117-1126.

Temesgen, F., Gabbiye, N. & Sahu, O. (2018). Biosorption of reactive red dye (RRD) on activated surface of plantain and orange peels: Economical alternative for textile effluent. Surfaces and Interfaces 12, 151-159.

Tien, C., & Ramarao, B. V. (2017). On the significance and utility of the Lagergren model and the pseudo second-order model of batch adsorption. Separation Science and Technology, 52(6), 975-986.

ul Haq, A., Saeed, M., Usman, M., Yameen, M., Muneer, M., & Tubbsum, S. (2019). A comparative sorption study of Cr3+ and Cr6+ using mango peels: kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic. Green Processing and Synthesis, 8(1), 337-347.

Wang, G., Zhang, S., Yao, P., Chen, Y., Xu, X., Li, T. & Gong, G. (2018). Removal of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions by Phytolacca americana L. biomass as a low cost biosorbent. Arabian Journal of Chemistry 11(1), 99-110.

Wang, F., Pan, Y., Cai, P., Guo, T., & Xiao, H. (2017). Single and binary adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions using sugarcane cellulose-based adsorbent. Bioresource Technology, 241, 482–490.

Wen, X., Sun, N., Yan, C., Zhou, S. & Pang, T. (2018). Rapid removal of Cr (VI) ions by densely grafted corn stalk fibers: High adsorption capacity and excellent recyclable property. Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 89, 95-104.

How to Cite
Villabona-Ortíz, A., Tejada-Tovar, C., & Ortega-Toro, R. (2019). MODELLING OF THE ADSORPTION KINETICS OF CHROMIUM (VI) USING WASTE BIOMATERIALS. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 19(1), 401-408.
Environmental Engineering

Most read articles by the same author(s)