Biodegradation of plantain rachis using phytopathogenic fungi for composting

  • J. D. Valenzuela Cobos
  • R. O. Ramírez Grimón
  • C. Vargas Farías
  • A. Grijalva-EndaraE
  • O. A. Mercader-Camejo
Keywords: Biodegradator, Colletotrichum, phytopathogenic fungi, rachis, Rhizopus.

Abstract

The phytopathogenic fungi such as: Colletotrichum sp. and Rhizopus sp. were isolated of banana and tomatoes respectively, 3 biodegradators were used: with spores Colletotrichum sp. (B1), with spores Rhizopus sp. (B2) and a mixture of spores Colletotrichum sp. + Rhizopus sp. (B3). Using the biodegradator (B3) was obtained the highest degradation of the plantain rachis being of 42.91%, and the leachates production was of 80 mL with pH of 7.96 on the 30th day of the experimentation. The banana rachis degraded by the mixture of spores of Colletotrichum sp. + Rhizopus sp. (B3) showed the lowest organic carbon content being of 29.52% and the highest nitrogen content being of 2.30%, generating a Carbon/Nitrogen (C/N) ratio of 12.84%. The results evidenced that the biodegradator composed by the mixture of Colletotrichum sp. + Rhizopus sp. (B3) can be used to increase the degradation of the plantain rachis encouraging the use of this biomass in the composting process.

References

Álvarez E., Grajales, C., Villegas, C. J. and Loke, J. (2001). Control del Mildeo polvoso (Sphaerotheca pannosa var. rosae) en rosa (Rosa sp.), usando un lixiviado de compost del raquis de plátano (Musa AAB). Asocolflores 62, 41-47.
AOAC. (2005). Official methods of analysis. 18 ed. Association Analytical Chemists (AOAC). Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Arango-Osorno, S., Montoya, J., Vásquez, Y. and Flor, D.Y. (2016). Análisis fisicoquímico y microbiológico del proceso de co-compostaje a partir de biomasa de leguminosa y ruminaza. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Hortícolas 10, 345-354.

Ayala, L., Martínez, M., Castro, M., García, A., Delgado, E.J., Caro1, Y. and Ly, J. (2016). Composición química del raquis de racimos de plátano (Musa Paradisiaca) y aceptabilidad como alimento para cerdos en ceba. Revista Computadorizada de Producción Porcina 23, 79-86.

Bollen, G.J. and Volker, D. (1996). Phytohygienic Aspects of Composting. In: The Science of Composting, edited by M de Bertoldi, P Bert, and P Tiziano, pp. 233-246. London: Blackie Academic and Professional.

Coello-Loor, C.D., Avellaneda-Cevallos, J.H., Barrera-Álvarez, A.E., Peña-Galeas, M.M., Yépez Macías, P.F. and Racines-Macías, E.R. (2017). Evaluación del crecimiento y producción de biomasa de dos cepas del género Pleurotus spp., cultivadas en un medio agar con diferentes sustratos. Ciencia y Tecnología 10, 33-39.

Eger, G., Eden, G. and Wissig, E. (1976). Pleurotus ostreatus-breeding potential of a new cultivated mushroom. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 47, 155-163.

Epstein, E. (1997). The science of composting, CRC Press LLC.

Erickson, M.C., Liao, J., Ma, L., Jiang, X. and Doyle, M.P. (2009). Inactivation of Salmonella spp. In cow manure composts formulated to different initial C:N ratios. Bioresource Technology 100, 5898-5903.

Farrell, J.B. 1993. Fecal Pathogen Control during Composting. In: Science and Engineering of Composting. p. 320.
Fox, M.H., Noike, T. and Ohki, T. (2013). Alkaline subcritical-water treatment and alkaline heat treatment for the increase in biodegradability of newsprint waste. Water Science and Technology 48, 77-84.

Gerba, C.P., Huber, M.S., Naranjo, J., Rose, J.B. and Bradford, S. (1995). Occurrence of enteric pathogens in composted domestic solid waste containing disposable diapers. Waste Management & Research 13, 315-324.

Jimenez, M., Van der Veken, L., Neirynck, H., Rodríguez, H., Ruiz, O. and Swennen, R. (2007). Organic banana production in Ecuador: Its implications on black Sigatoka development and plant–soil nutritional status. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems 22, 297–306.

Kulikowska, D. and Gusiatin, Z. (2015). Sewage sludge composting in a two-stage system: Carbon and nitrogen transformations and potential ecological risk assessment. Waste Management 38, 312-320.

Mena-Nevarez, G., Valencia-Del Toro, G., Piña-Guzmán, A.B., Villanueva-Arce, R., Durán-Páramo, E. and Robles-Martínez, F. (2012). Degradation capacity of fungi (Colletotrichum sp., Penicillium sp. and Rhizopus sp.) on mangoes and oranges. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7, 4564-4574.

Muñoz V., R.E. and Madriñán Molina, R. (2005). Efecto de lixiviados del raquis de plátano sobre la actividad y biomasa microbiana en floración y cosecha del tomate. Acta Agronómica 54, 19-24.

Neeraja, G., Reddy, I.P. and Gautham, B. (2005). Effect of growth promoters on growth and yield of tomato cv. Marutham. Journal of Research ANGRAU 33, 68-75.

Negro, M., Villa, F., Aibar, J., Aracón, R., Ciria, P., Cristobal, M., Zaragoza, C., Benito, A., García, A., García, G., Labrador, C., Lacasta, D., Lezaún, J., Meco, R., Pardo, G., Solano, G., Torner, C. and Zaragoza, C. (2001). Producción y gestión del compost. Informaciones Técnicas 88.

Partanen, P., Hultman, J., Paulin, L., Auvinen, P. and Romantschuk, M. (2010) Bacterial diversity at different stages of the composting process. BMC Microbiology 10, 94.

Royse, D.J. and Sánchez, J.E. (2008). Supplementation of 2nd break mushroom compost with isoleucine, leucine, valine, phenylalanine, Fermenten and SoyPlus. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology 24, 2011-2017.
Ruggieri, L., Cadena, E., Martínez-Blanco, J., Gasol, C.M., Rieradevall, J., Gabarrell, X., Gea, T., Sort, X. and Sánchez, A. (2009). Journal of Cleaner Production 17, 830-838.

SICA, Servicio de Información y Censo Agropecuario del Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería del Ecuador. (2004). Base de datos del III Censo Nacional Agropecuario.

Sinden, J.W. and Schisler, L.C. (1962) Nutrient supplementation of mushroom compost at casing. Mushroom Science 5, 267–280.
Suárez-Estrella, F., Vargas-García, M.C., Elorrieta,
M.A., López, M.J. and Moreno, J. (2003). Temperatura effect on Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis survival during horticultural waste composting. Journal of Applied Microbiology 94, 475-482.

Valencia del Toro, G., Ramírez-Ortiz, M.E., Flores-Ramírez, G., Costa-Manzano, M. R., Robles-Martínez, F., Garín Aguilar, M.E. and Leal-Lara, H. (2018). Effect of Yucca schidigera bagasse as substrate for Oyster mushroom on cultivation parameters and fruit body quality. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 17, 835-846.

Valenzuela-Cobos, J.D. (2018). Evaluación Morfológica, Nutricional y de Productividad de Cepas Híbridas de PleurotusxLentinula. Tesis de Doctorado, Unidad Profesional Interdisciplinaria de Biotecnología, Instituto Politécnico Nacional.

Valenzuela-Cobos, J.D., Vásquez-Véliz, G., Zied, D.C., Franco-Hernández, O.M., Sánchez Hernández, A., Garín Aguilar, M.E., Leal Lara, H. and Valencia del Toro, G. (2019). Bioconversion of agricultural wastes using parental, hybrid and reconstituted strains of Pleurotus and Lentinula. Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 18, 647-657.

Valenzuela-Cobos, J.D. and Vargas-Farías, C.J. (2020). Study about the use of aquaculture binder with tuna attractant in the feeding of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química 19, 355-361.

Velázquez del Valle, M.G., Bautista, B.S. and Hernández, A.N. (2008). Estrategias de control de Rhizopus stolonifer Ehrenb. (Ex Fr.) Lind, agente causal de pudriciones postcosecha en productos agrícolas. Revista Mexicana de Fitopatología 26, 49-55

Ulloa Cortazar, S.M., Wolf, E.D. and Armendáriz González, I. (2017). Effect of plant density on growth and yield in Barraganete plantain (Musa paradisiaca (L.) AAB cv. Curare enano) for a single harvest cutting in Provincia de Los Ríos, Ecuador. Acta Agronómica 66, 367-372.

Vidales, J.A. (1997). Sensibilidad de la antracnosis (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides Penz) a diferentes fungicidas usados en aguacate (Persea americana) en postcosecha. Memorias de XXIV Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Mexicana de Fitopatología. Resumen pp. 50.
Published
2019-09-04
How to Cite
Valenzuela Cobos, J., Ramírez Grimón, R., Vargas Farías, C., Grijalva-EndaraE, A., & Mercader-Camejo, O. (2019). Biodegradation of plantain rachis using phytopathogenic fungi for composting. Revista Mexicana De Ingeniería Química, 19(2), 533-541. https://doi.org/10.24275/rmiq/Bio707
Section
Biotechnology