Revista Mexicana de Ingeniería Química, Vol. 22, No. 3 (2023), Proc23121

Inherent safety analysis and sustainability evaluation of dual crude palm and kernel oil production in North Colombia

Á.D. González-Delgado, N. Pájaro-Gómez, R. Ortega-Toro



Currently, Colombia is the fourth country in African palm production worldwide. The generation of value-added products from residual biomass is one of the specific demands; therefore, this work aims to perform the inherent safety analysis and the sustainability assessment of dual crude palm and kernel oil production. The kernel oil is extracted from the palm cake processing. The inherent safety analysis and sustainability evaluation was performed using the Inherent Safety Index (ISI) methodology and the Sustainable Weighted Return on Investment Metric (SWROIM), respectively. The sustainability of the process was evaluated through economic, environmental, energetic, and safety indicators. The total inherent safety index achieved was 12 indicating an inherently safe performance for the process. The main process risks were given by the safety equipment and inventory subindices; the chemicals involved in the process represented no risk. The overall sustainability evaluation showed a SWROIM of 76.01\% which reveals a positive contribution of the indicators considered on the return on investment; hence, it was found that the process is sustainable. The novelty of this work lies in providing knowledge to satisfy the demands of the palm chain to contribute to the improvement of the agricultural sector in Colombia.

Keywords: inherent safety analysis, sustainability, SWROIM, palm oil, kernel oil, African palm, productive chains.



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